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Apple
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Apple

Delicious and crunchy, apple fruit is one of the most popular and favorite fruits among the health conscious, fitness lovers who firmly believe in the concept of “health is wealth.” This wonderful fruit is packed with rich phyto-nutrients that, in the true sense, indispensable for optimal health. Certain antioxidants in apple have several health promoting and disease prevention properties, and thereby, truly justifying the adage, “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.”

Apples are obtained from medium-sized tree belonging to the Rosaceae family. The apple tree is thought to have originated in nutrient-rich mountain ranges of Kazakhstan. Today, it is being cultivated in many parts of the world including the US as an important commercial crop.

Apple fruit features oval or pear shape. Its outer peel comes in different hues and colors depending upon the cultivar type. Internally, its crispy, juicy pulp is off-white to cream in color, and has a mix of mild sweet and tart flavor. Its seeds are bitter in taste, and therefore, inedible.

Hundreds of varieties of apples that are meant to be used either as table fruits or dessert and cooking apples grown inside the US and worldwide. 

Selecting apples

When selecting apples, look for fruit that is well colored for its variety. Red overcolor is not as important as the background color, which is the best visual indicator of ripeness. The background color (the area not covered by red pigment on red varieties) should be greenish yellow, indicating that the apple was picked at full maturity. Apples with a dark green background color may have been picked before they were fully ripe, and will not be as flavorful, although they may last longer in storage. Yellow apples have no red pigment covering their background color, so maturity is easier to judge.

Apples with punctures or bruises should be avoided or used first, since they will not store as well. Surface blemishes that do not penetrate the skin, such as russetting, have very little influence on fruit quality or storage life. Although apples are fairly durable fruits, take care to avoid bruising them.

There are two types of apples: eating apples and culinary (cooking) apples. Eaters are sweeter, with the most interesting flavour, as their sugars are balanced by an edge of acidity. Culinary apples are larger and more acidic. Their sourness mellows upon cooking, so you may not need to add as much sugar as you thought to a dish. A cooking apple will become more like an eater in storage because the acids lessen over time. Some apples are termed dual-purpose, and these are best for cooking when young and for eating when older. The most popular British culinary apple is the Bramley apple.

Apple Culinary Uses

Apple cider, Caramel apples, Apple pie, Salad topping, Apple dressingApple butter, Keeping meat juicy, Apple jam, Apple bread, Apple zucchini breadApple juice, Apple smoothie, Apple shake, Apple cake, Apple muffin, Apple puree, Apple preserves, Apple curdCandied apple, Apple enchilada( also see), Apple fritter, Apple filling, Apple donut, Apple fries, Apple french toastApple filo, Apple tart (also see Here and Here) , Apple tarte tatin, Apple tea cake, Apple upside down cakeApple crumble ( also see ), Apple ice cream (also see ), Apple sauce, Toffee apple, Caramel Apple empanadas, Apple rings, Apple risotto, Apple rose (also see), Apple rhubarb crispApple strudel, Apple relish, Apple ChutneyApple vinegarApple vodka, Apple wine, Apple yogurt,  Apple Danish pastry (also see ), Apple pancake (also see ), Apple kuchen ( also see Here and Here), Apple kheer, Apple kugel, Apple cobbler ( also see ), Apple cookie (also see ), Apple coogan, Apple dip, Apple quinoaApple dumpling ( also see ), Apple pandowdy ( also see ), apple brandy, Apple galette,  Apple granola ( also see ), Apple gravy (also see ), Apple halwa, Apple in crescent roll, Apple jelly (also see ), Apple liqueur (also see ), Apple leather (also see ), Apple martini, Apple moonshine, Apple nachos (also see ), Apple turnovers (also see ).  

Health benefits of Apple:

Apples make your teeth whiter, One of the lesser known benefits of eating an apple is that it’s great for the skin. It is rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants which prevent signs of ageing, wrinkles and keeps your skin glowing. Eating an apple before having a meal, can be a great way to eat less. Containing just 50-80 calories, an apple does not have any fat or sodium. A Brazilian study even found that women who ate apples before their meals, lost 33% more weight.

Flavonoids, a chemical present in apples can help destroy cancer cells. However, you must make sure that you do not peel the apple, since most of the flavonoids are present in its skin.

Even though diarrhoea and constipation are two very different stomach ailments, apples can help counter both. The fibre present in apples can pull water out of your colon in case of constipation, and absorb excess water in case of diarrhoea. Being rich in so many nutrients, apples can boost your immune system and keep you free from infections. In particular, a flavonoid called quercetin has been shown to significantly improve one’s immune system. 

A lot of people are confused as to what they should eat before exercising. Eating an apple can be a great option. It has been shown that apples boost endurance by making more oxygen available to the lungs. Eating an apple everyday can prevent the decline of a neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine thus improving your memory. A study also found that this property of an apple, can slow the mental decline found in people with Alzheimer’s.

Read More at Wikipedia.
Also See Mango, Banana, Apple Cutter.
Recipes using Apple see Here and Here.

Nutrition Data for Apples, raw, with skin (09003)

Proximates
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, quartered or chopped1 cup slices1 large (3-1/4" dia)1 medium (3" dia)1 small (2-3/4" dia)1 extra small (2-1/2" dia)1 NLEA serving
Water85.56 g106.95 g93.2604 g190.7988 g155.7192 g127.4844 g86.4156 g207.0552 g
Energy52 kcal65 kcal56.68 kcal115.96 kcal94.64 kcal77.48 kcal52.52 kcal125.84 kcal
Protein0.26 g0.325 g0.2834 g0.5798 g0.4732 g0.3874 g0.2626 g0.6292 g
Total lipid (fat)0.17 g0.2125 g0.1853 g0.3791 g0.3094 g0.2533 g0.1717 g0.4114 g
Carbohydrate, by difference13.81 g17.2625 g15.0529 g30.7963 g25.1342 g20.5769 g13.9481 g33.4202 g
Fiber, total dietary2.4 g3 g2.616 g5.352 g4.368 g3.576 g2.424 g5.808 g
Sugars, total10.39 g12.9875 g11.3251 g23.1697 g18.9098 g15.4811 g10.4939 g25.1438 g
Minerals
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, quartered or chopped1 cup slices1 large (3-1/4" dia)1 medium (3" dia)1 small (2-3/4" dia)1 extra small (2-1/2" dia)1 NLEA serving
Calcium, Ca6 mg7.5 mg6.54 mg13.38 mg10.92 mg8.94 mg6.06 mg14.52 mg
Iron, Fe0.12 mg0.15 mg0.1308 mg0.2676 mg0.2184 mg0.1788 mg0.1212 mg0.2904 mg
Magnesium, Mg5 mg6.25 mg5.45 mg11.15 mg9.1 mg7.45 mg5.05 mg12.1 mg
Phosphorus, P11 mg13.75 mg11.99 mg24.53 mg20.02 mg16.39 mg11.11 mg26.62 mg
Potassium, K107 mg133.75 mg116.63 mg238.61 mg194.74 mg159.43 mg108.07 mg258.94 mg
Sodium, Na1 mg1.25 mg1.09 mg2.23 mg1.82 mg1.49 mg1.01 mg2.42 mg
Zinc, Zn0.04 mg0.05 mg0.0436 mg0.0892 mg0.0728 mg0.0596 mg0.0404 mg0.0968 mg
Vitamins
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, quartered or chopped1 cup slices1 large (3-1/4" dia)1 medium (3" dia)1 small (2-3/4" dia)1 extra small (2-1/2" dia)1 NLEA serving
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid4.6 mg5.75 mg5.014 mg10.258 mg8.372 mg6.854 mg4.646 mg11.132 mg
Thiamin0.017 mg0.02125 mg0.01853 mg0.03791 mg0.03094 mg0.02533 mg0.01717 mg0.04114 mg
Riboflavin0.026 mg0.0325 mg0.02834 mg0.05798 mg0.04732 mg0.03874 mg0.02626 mg0.06292 mg
Niacin0.091 mg0.11375 mg0.09919 mg0.20293 mg0.16562 mg0.13559 mg0.09191 mg0.22022 mg
Vitamin B-60.041 mg0.05125 mg0.04469 mg0.09143 mg0.07462 mg0.06109 mg0.04141 mg0.09922 mg
Folate, DFE3 µg3.75 µg3.27 µg6.69 µg5.46 µg4.47 µg3.03 µg7.26 µg
Vitamin B-120 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg
Vitamin A, RAE3 µg3.75 µg3.27 µg6.69 µg5.46 µg4.47 µg3.03 µg7.26 µg
Vitamin A, IU54 IU67.5 IU58.86 IU120.42 IU98.28 IU80.46 IU54.54 IU130.68 IU
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)0.18 mg0.225 mg0.1962 mg0.4014 mg0.3276 mg0.2682 mg0.1818 mg0.4356 mg
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg0 µg
Vitamin D0 IU0 IU0 IU0 IU0 IU0 IU0 IU0 IU
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)2.2 µg2.75 µg2.398 µg4.906 µg4.004 µg3.278 µg2.222 µg5.324 µg
Lipids
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, quartered or chopped1 cup slices1 large (3-1/4" dia)1 medium (3" dia)1 small (2-3/4" dia)1 extra small (2-1/2" dia)1 NLEA serving
Fatty acids, total saturated0.028 g0.035 g0.03052 g0.06244 g0.05096 g0.04172 g0.02828 g0.06776 g
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated0.007 g0.00875 g0.00763 g0.01561 g0.01274 g0.01043 g0.00707 g0.01694 g
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated0.051 g0.06375 g0.05559 g0.11373 g0.09282 g0.07599 g0.05151 g0.12342 g
Cholesterol0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg
Others
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, quartered or chopped1 cup slices1 large (3-1/4" dia)1 medium (3" dia)1 small (2-3/4" dia)1 extra small (2-1/2" dia)1 NLEA serving
Caffeine0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg0 mg
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2013. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 26. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page
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Jimmybrown01@gmail.com.Scotland2015-08-05 16:47 (2 years ago.)

i love apples

Nawab.Faheem2014-09-20 10:06 (2 years ago.)

an apple a day keeps a doctor away

2014-08-06 07:28 (3 years ago.)

mm