Black radish or Raphanus sativus niger is an annual root vegetable and a member of the Brassicaceae or Brassica family. The black radish is also known as Spanish radish, Gros Noir d’Hiver, Noir Gros de Paris and the Black Mooli. Today, the black radish is commonly utilized to make herbal supplements available in capsule and tincture form and used to treat a variety of health aliments.
Black radish has a very strong flavor. Encased in a black or dull brown skin, the black radish is significantly larger than traditional spring radishes, growing on average three to four inches in diameter or length. Depending upon variety the black radish can be round or cylindrical and elongated. Its flesh is crisp, white and slightly bitter and offers a hot radishy bite. The skin of the black radish is particularly piquant, for a milder radish flavor peel black radishes prior to serving. Although it can be eaten after disguising the strong taste with a dressing or sauce, it is generally grown more for its medicinal properties rather than to eat.
Black radishes can be enjoyed raw or cooked in a variety of different preparations. Sauté and braise to be served as a vegetable side dish. Cook like a turnip and smother in cream or butter. Dice and add to soups, stir-fries and stews to add a radishy bite. Grate or chop into matchstick size and add to mixed green salads. Their size makes them ideal as an hors d'oeuvre when sliced and served alongside an assortment of dips. Their flavor is enhanced by chervil, chives, sea salt and parsley. To tone down the heat of radishes slice, salt and rinse with water prior to using. To store, remove greens and wrap radishes in plastic. They will keep refrigerated for up to two weeks.
Black radishes are an excellent source of vitamin C and also provide potassium, iron and magnesium as well as vitamins A, E and B. They are also known for their ability to fight off infection and promote healthy digestive function. The black radish also contains raphanin which studies have shown to be beneficial in treatment of both under and overactive thyroid imbalances. Studies have shown that the leaves of the black radish additionally have a liver detoxifying effect.
Recipes using Black Radish see Here