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The common fig is a species of flowering plant in the genus Ficus, from the family Moraceae, known as the common fig, anjeer, and dumur. It is the source of the fruit also called the fig, and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Native to the Middle East and western Asia, it has been sought out and cultivated by man since ancient times, and is now widely grown throughout the temperate world, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant.

The common fig tree has been cultivated since ancient times and grows wild in dry and sunny areas, with deep and fresh soil; also in rocky areas, from sea level to 1,700 meters. It prefers light and medium soils, requires well-drained soil, and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Like all fig trees, Ficus carica requires wasp pollination of a particular species of wasp to produce seeds. 

The plant can tolerate seasonal drought, and the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climate is especially suitable for the plant. Situated in a favorable habitat, old specimens when mature can reach a considerable size and form a large dense shade tree. Its aggressive root system precludes its use in many urban areas of cities, but in nature helps the plant to take root in the most inhospitable areas.

Common fig tree is mostly a phreatophyte that lives in areas with standing or running water, grows well in the valleys of the rivers and ravines saving no water, having strong need of water that is extracted from the ground. The deep-rooted plant searches groundwater, in aquifers, ravines, or cracks in the rocks. The fig tree, with the water, cools the environment in hot places, creating a fresh and pleasant habitat for many animals that take shelter in its shade in the times of intense heat.

This fruit contains a lot of sugar in large quantities, and also contains the main salts, the most important of which are calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin C. So, figs is one of fruit that high in nutrient content.

Figs health benefits to treat mild disease such as get rid of acnes or pimples to prevent some cancer disease such as prostate cancer. Figs rich in beta-carotene, another high nutrient content in it is carbohydrates. Its contain vitamin A, C, E and K  and other vitamins, also minerals such as calcium, copper, iron and so on. For complete information can be read at figs nutrition facts at the bottom of the post.

Coumarin content of the figs, may also reduce the risk of Prostate Cancer. Eating figs regularly can help reduce the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer.
The soluble fiber found in figs called Pectin helps in reducing blood cholesterol.

The content of Potassium, Omega 3 and Omega 6 on fig fruit helps to maintain blood pressure and coronary heart attacks.

Figs leaves have healing properties. Decoction of fig leaves can help patients with diabetes reduces the amount of insulin intake.

Consume figs can reduce fatigue, improve brain memory and prevent anemia.

Because laxative effect, consume the fruit is very helpful for treating chronic constipation.

Daily consumption of figs is an effective drug for the treatment of hemorrhoids cure.

When applied to the skin, baked figs can cure inflammations like abscesses and ulcers.

Due to its high water content, mashed figs acts as an excellent skin cleanser and helps in preventing and curing acne.

Figs are rich in calcium and calcium is an excellent alternative for the therapeutic treatment of people who are allergic to dairy products.

Figs are rich in natural Benzaldehid as Phenol and Anti-Tumor Agent and Micro-organisms can kill pathogens, fungus and virus in the human body.

Fig fruit is rich in dietary fiber, which makes them very effective for weight loss program (Obesity).

Content of Calcium and Potassium in figs prevent bone thinning (osteoporosis), and helps to increase bone density.

Content of Tryptophan in figs, induces good sleep and helps get rid of sleep disorders such as insomnia.

During this time, figs have also been used to treat sexual weakness.

Read More at Wikipedia
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