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The purple mangosteen, colloquially known simply as mangosteen, is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas of Indonesia. It grows mainly in Southeast Asia, and also in tropical South American countries such as Colombia, in the state of Kerala in India and in Puerto Rico, where the tree has been introduced.

The tree grows from 6 to 25 m tall. The fruit of the mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, and somewhat fibrous, with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind when ripe. In each fruit, the fragrant edible flesh that surrounds each seed is botanically endocarp, i.e., the inner layer of the ovary.The purple mangosteen belongs to the same genus as the other, less widely known, mangosteens, such as the button mangosteen or the charichuelo.

Mangosteen peel contains xanthonoids, such as mangostin, and other phytochemicals having antioxidant properties in vitro. Some studies demonstrated that juice containing mangosteen peel extracts may reduce blood levels of C-reactive protein, a biomarker of inflammation. 

Some mangosteen juice products contain whole fruit purée or polyphenols extracted from the inedible exocarp. The resulting juice has purple colour and astringency derived from exocarp pigments.

Delicious and juicy, mangosteen is one of the popular tropical fruits. It comprises an impressive list of essential nutrients, which are required for normal growth and development and overall nutritional well-being.

This fruit is very low in calories and contains no saturated fats or cholesterol. Nonetheless, it is rich in dietary fiber, which can be very important for individuals who are concerned about putting on excess body weight.

Mangosteen is good in vitamin C and provides about 12% of RDA per 100 g. Vitamin-C is a powerful water soluble anti-oxidant. Consumption of fruits rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against flu-like infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.

Fresh fruit is a moderate source of B-complex vitamins such as thiamin, niacin and folates. These vitamins are acting as cofactors the help body metabolize carbohydrates, protein, and fats.

Further, it also contains a very good amount of minerals like copper, manganese and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids and helps control heart rate, and blood pressure; thus, it offers protection against stroke and coronary heart diseases.

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Nutrition Data for Mangosteen, canned, syrup pack (09177)

NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, drained1 cup
Water80.94 g158.6424 g174.8304 g
Energy73 kcal143.08 kcal157.68 kcal
Protein0.41 g0.8036 g0.8856 g
Total lipid (fat)0.58 g1.1368 g1.2528 g
Carbohydrate, by difference17.91 g35.1036 g38.6856 g
Fiber, total dietary1.8 g3.528 g3.888 g
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, drained1 cup
Calcium, Ca12 mg23.52 mg25.92 mg
Iron, Fe0.3 mg0.588 mg0.648 mg
Magnesium, Mg13 mg25.48 mg28.08 mg
Phosphorus, P8 mg15.68 mg17.28 mg
Potassium, K48 mg94.08 mg103.68 mg
Sodium, Na7 mg13.72 mg15.12 mg
Zinc, Zn0.21 mg0.4116 mg0.4536 mg
NutrientNutrient value per 100 gm1 cup, drained1 cup
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid2.9 mg5.684 mg6.264 mg
Thiamin0.054 mg0.10584 mg0.11664 mg
Riboflavin0.054 mg0.10584 mg0.11664 mg
Niacin0.286 mg0.56056 mg0.61776 mg
Vitamin B-60.018 mg0.03528 mg0.03888 mg
Folate, DFE31 µg60.76 µg66.96 µg
Vitamin B-120 µg0 µg0 µg
Vitamin A, RAE2 µg3.92 µg4.32 µg
Vitamin A, IU35 IU68.6 IU75.6 IU
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)0 µg0 µg0 µg
Vitamin D0 IU0 IU0 IU
Cholesterol0 mg0 mg0 mg
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2013. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 26. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page
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