Powdered milk or dried milk is a manufactured dairy product made by evaporating milk to dryness
. One purpose of drying milk is to preserve it; milk powder has a far longer shelf life than liquid milk and does not need to be refrigerated, due to its low moisture content.
Another purpose is to reduce its bulk for economy of transportation.
Powdered milk and dairy products include such items as dry whole milk, nonfat dry milk, dry buttermilk, dry whey products and dry dairy blends. Many dairy products exported conform to standards laid out in Codex Alimentarius.
Powdered milk is used for food and health
(nutrition), and also in biotechnology
. Health Benefits of Powdered milk
Powdered milk comes in a variety of forms, such as whole, buttermilk, non-fat and skim. It is a source of vitamins and minerals such as magnesium, calcium, zinc, potassium and phosphorous. Powdered milk is produced by extracting water and fat from fresh pasteurized milk, according to the Food Commodity Fact Sheet offered by U.S. Aid. During the water extraction process, beneficial nutrients such as amino acids are sustained.Vitamins
Powdered milk contains a host of vitamins such as A, D, E and K. According to the U.S. Dairy Export Council, vitamin A is beneficial for your immune system, reproductive system and vision and aids in cellular growth and differentiation. Vitamin D helps your intestines absorb phosphorous and calcium, which aids the bones, joints and heart. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that protects lipoproteins and cell membranes as well as stimulating your body's immune response to disease. Vitamin K is important for proper blood clotting.
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