Rice vinegar is a vinegar
made from fermented rice or rice
wine in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
Chinese rice vinegars are stronger than Japanese ones, and range in colour from clear to various shades of red and brown. Chinese and especially Japanese vinegars are very mild and sweet compared to distilled and more acidic Western vinegars which, for that reason, are not appropriate substitutes for rice vinegars. Chinese rice vinegars are made from huangjiu, a type of rice wine.TypesWhite rice vinegar
is a colourless
to pale yellow liquid, higher in acetic acid than other Chinese vinegars, but still less acidic and milder in flavour than Western vinegars.Black rice vinegar
is very popular in southern China. Chinkiang Vinegar, which originated in the city of Zhenjiang in the eastern coastal province of Jiangsu, is considered the best of the black rice vinegars. Normally black rice vinegar is made with black glutinous rice, although millet
may be used instead. It is dark in colour, and has a deep, almost smoky flavour
. In addition to Zhenjiang, it is also produced in Hong Kong.Red rice vinegar
is darker than white rice vinegar, and more pale than black rice vinegar, with a distinctive red colour from Red yeast
rice, which is cultivated with the mold Monascus purpureus. This vinegar has a distinctive flavour of its own due to the red mold.
In Chinese cookbooks, ½ tablespoon
of Western distilled white vinegar is stated to be equivalent in strength to 1 tablespoon Chinkiang vinegar, and recipes which call for 4 teaspoons of red rice vinegar could be substituted with only 3 teaspoons of white vinegar.
Also see Apple cider Vinegar