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Flavor is the sensory impression of a food or other substance, and is determined mainly by the chemical senses of taste and smell. Flavor is that property of a substance that causes a sensationof taste. Four basic tastes are perceived by taste buds on the tongue: sweet, salty, sour, and bitter. Flavors are classified into the major groups of spices, natural flavors,and artificial flavors.

A spice is an aromatic vegetable substance in a whole, broken, or ground form which is used as a seasoning.

Natural flavors are flavor constituents derived from plant or animal sources.

Artificial flavors are flavorings containing all or some portion of non natural materials.

Materials that can be used for flavorings can be grouped as follows:

spices and herbs; essential oils and their extracts; fruits and fruit juices; and aliphatic, aromatic, and terpene compounds.

General flavor types available include fruit, dairy, meat, vegetable, beverage, and liquor.

Read more at Wikipedia

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