Hummus or houmous is a Levantine food dip or spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas
blended with tahini, olive oil
. Today, it is popular throughout the Middle East (including Turkey), North Africa (including Morocco), and in Middle Eastern cuisine around the globe.
As an appetizer and dip, hummus is scooped with flatbread, such as pita. It is also served as part of a meze or as an accompaniment to falafel, grilled chicken
. Garnishes include chopped tomato
, caramelized onions
, sautéed mushrooms
, whole chickpeas, olive oil, hard-boiled eggs
, ful, olives
, pickles and pine nuts
. Outside the Middle East, it is sometimes served with tortilla chips or crackers.
Hummus ful is topped with a paste made from fava beans boiled until soft and then crushed. Hummus masubha/mashawsha is a mixture of hummus paste, warm chickpeas and tahini.
Hummus is high in iron and vitamin C
and also has significant amounts of folate and vitamin B6
. The chickpeas are a good source of protein
and dietary fiber
; the tahini consists mostly of sesame seeds
, which are an excellent source of the amino acid methionine, complementing the proteins in the chickpeas. Depending on the recipe, hummus carries varying amounts of monounsaturated fat
. Hummus is useful in vegetarian and vegan diets; like other combinations of grains and pulses, it serves as a complete protein when eaten with bread.